Buy Unlimited Training licenses in June and get an extra 3 months for free! ☀️

What to Expect from the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam

  • Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam
  • Published by: André Hammer on Feb 03, 2024
A group of people discussing exciting IT topics

Are you thinking about taking the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam? As the demand for cybersecurity grows, this exam is becoming more and more important for IT professionals.

The exam includes various topics, such as understanding security layers and implementing security for network and cloud services.

In this article, we'll explain what to expect from the exam, including the covered topics and the skills you'll need to demonstrate.

Overview of the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam

Define the Scope and Objective of the Exam

The Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam focuses on testing the understanding and practical use of security basics. It evaluates knowledge and skills in identifying security threats, implementing security measures, and securing networks and systems.

The exam also covers concepts of access control, data protection, and risk management. These objectives align with industry standards and best practices, ensuring certified professionals have the expertise to address modern security challenges effectively.

Additionally, the exam validates the ability to secure data, networks, and information systems in a constantly evolving and increasingly complex threat landscape.

Key areas covered by the Exam

The Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam covers important areas such as security concepts, threats, vulnerabilities, and security controls. It also includes identity and access management, risk management, and information protection.

Test takers can expect questions about identifying common security threats, securing access to resources, and securing administrative and end-user devices.

Additionally, the exam tests understanding of network security, cloud security, and compliance. Individuals taking the exam will also need to demonstrate knowledge of encryption, firewalls, and antivirus/antimalware solutions.

The exam covers a wide range of topics, including security concepts, identity and access management, risk management, and core infrastructure and security solutions. It addresses the important areas of today's security and enables candidates to validate their skills.

The Importance of Certification in Security Fundamentals

Certification in security fundamentals is important for IT professionals. It validates their knowledge and skills in addressing security threats. This certification shows a deep understanding of security principles. It helps protect an organization's sensitive data and infrastructure. Certified individuals can enhance an organization's security posture by implementing effective security measures. They can also identify and mitigate potential risks more efficiently.

Breakdown of Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam Content

Describe the Composition of the Exam

The Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam has multiple-choice questions. It covers topics related to security principles and best practices in the IT industry.

Candidates will encounter questions about general security concepts, including threat assessment, risk management, and security policies. They will also face questions about specific security technologies like firewalls, encryption, and access control.

In addition, candidates should be ready for questions about commonly used security tools and procedures. The exam typically lasts 60 minutes, where candidates demonstrate their knowledge by applying it to real-world scenarios.

The exam format allows candidates to navigate between questions, review their answers, and mark items for review if needed.

Types of Questions to Anticipate in the Exam

Candidates taking the Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam should be ready for various question types. These include multiple-choice, scenario-based, and drag-and-drop questions.

To prepare for these question types, candidates should study the exam objectives and relevant materials. This includes security hardware and software, as well as concepts like threat modeling and risk management.

Multiple-choice questions require choosing the best answer from a list of options. Scenario-based questions present a realistic security scenario and ask candidates to decide on the best course of action. Drag-and-drop questions may require matching security items to their appropriate categories.

The exam typically lasts 45-60 minutes. Each question format is given a specific time allocation to ensure candidates have enough time to answer accurately. For example, multiple-choice questions may have 1-2 minutes per question, scenario-based questions may have 3-5 minutes, and drag-and-drop questions may have 5-10 minutes.

Test Duration and Format Specifics

The Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam has a total duration of 45 minutes, and it consists of multiple-choice questions. Candidates are required to select the most suitable answer from a list of options. It is important for candidates to be aware that they must read each question carefully before selecting their answer.

Additionally, there are no specific guidelines for the format of the exam, but candidates should ensure that they have a clear understanding of the content and structure of the test. In terms of time allocation, candidates should allocate around 1-2 minutes for each multiple-choice question to ensure they can complete the exam within the allocated 45 minutes. It is crucial for candidates to manage their time effectively during the exam to ensure they can answer all the questions within the specified time frame.

Details on Core Infrastructure and Security Solutions

Azure Core Infrastructure Security Capabilities

Azure Core Infrastructure Security Capabilities provides a variety of security measures for protecting cloud and hybrid environments. These measures include advanced threat protection, network security, identity management, compliance management, and data protection.

Key solutions such as Microsoft Azure Security Center, Azure Sentinel, and Azure Security Kit ensure the security of the core infrastructure. Azure Security Center allows unified security management and advanced threat protection across hybrid cloud workloads. Azure Sentinel uses AI to analyze large volumes of data from different sources, while Azure Security Kit offers a variety of protection features like firewalls, encryption, and access controls.

These tools collaborate to identify and respond to security threats, as well as safeguard sensitive data in cloud and hybrid environments.

Security Solutions for Cloud and Hybrid Environments

Security solutions for cloud and hybrid environments include:

  • Data encryption
  • Multi-factor authentication
  • Network segmentation

These solutions protect against unauthorized access, data breaches, and cyber-attacks.

Best practices for implementing security solutions involve:

  • Regular security assessments
  • Continuous network traffic monitoring
  • Prompt security updates

Robust identity and access management protocols and advanced threat detection and response capabilities can also mitigate risks.

By adopting these solutions and best practices, organisations can establish a secure and resilient security posture.

Understanding Identity and Access Management within Microsoft Security

Authentication and Access Management Procedures

The Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam checks how well authentication and access management are handled for Microsoft security solutions.

This involves using methods like multi-factor authentication, single sign-on, and role-based access control.

For instance, multi-factor authentication needs users to provide two or more verification factors, like a password and a fingerprint scan, to gain access.

Moreover, Microsoft Entra capabilities manage access to identity and security solutions within Microsoft Security. This ensures that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive data and resources, reducing the risk of security breaches.

Managing Microsoft Entra Capabilities

Microsoft Entra provides important tools for managing security and access control. It helps organizations protect their digital assets by integrating with Azure Active Directory, supporting authentication and access management.

Best practices for using Microsoft Entra include implementing role-based access control, regularly reviewing and updating security policies, and conducting access audits to ensure compliance with industry regulations.

By following these best practices, organizations can enhance security and compliance, safeguard sensitive data, and reduce potential security risks.

Exploring Microsoft Security Compliance and Governance

Compliance Management with Microsoft Purview

Microsoft Purview's Compliance Management includes important features like data discovery, classification, and risk assessment. The tool helps organisations maintain governance and regulatory compliance by offering a central platform to track, manage, and protect sensitive data. Implementing best practices for data governance and compliance allows organisations to effectively integrate Microsoft Purview into their compliance management processes.

For example, automated data classification and information protection capabilities can simplify the identification of personal or sensitive data to meet regulatory requirements.

Additionally, using data lineage and mapping features can improve transparency and accountability, allowing organisations to demonstrate compliance with data protection regulations. This approach brings real benefits in terms of reducing risk and increasing operational efficiency.

Governance and Regulatory Compliance Features

Microsoft security has important governance and regulatory compliance features. These include access controls, regular security assessments, and audit trails for data integrity and regulatory compliance.

These features help organizations meet the requirements of regulatory bodies like GDPR, HIPAA, and ISO 27001. Microsoft security is designed to address specific regulatory requirements for different industries and regions by providing tools and resources that support compliance with different standards.

This allows organizations to adhere to regulations applicable to their business sector. For instance, in the finance industry, Microsoft security offers specific features for PCI DSS and SOX compliance. In healthcare, it ensures compliance with HIPAA requirements.

Microsoft Threat Protection Mechanisms

Protection Tools and Techniques

Protection tools and techniques in the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam include:

  • Firewalls
  • Antivirus software
  • Secure connections like VPNs.

These tools help protect against cyber threats and unauthorized access to sensitive data. Microsoft Threat Protection Mechanisms contribute to security by providing continuous monitoring and threat detection across Microsoft 365 services. This helps to spot and respond to potential security risks in real time.

When using Microsoft Sentinel as a protection tool in the exam, it's important to:

  • Set up custom alert rules
  • Integrate with other security solutions for better threat detection.

Regularly reviewing and analysing security incident data helps identify trends and potential vulnerabilities.

Microsoft 365 Defender Components

Microsoft 365 Defender includes Microsoft Defender for Endpoint, Microsoft Defender for Office 365, Microsoft Defender for Identity, and Microsoft Cloud App Security. These work together to protect against threats by providing security, threat protection, and visibility across all Microsoft 365 services.

Microsoft Defender for Endpoint helps to prevent, detect, investigate, and respond to advanced threats. Microsoft Defender for Office 365 offers protection against phishing attacks and malware. Microsoft Defender for Identity provides a comprehensive view of an organization's identity infrastructure and enables real-time detection of suspicious activities.

Microsoft Cloud App Security helps to discover and control the usage of shadow IT and assess the risk associated with unsanctioned cloud apps.

These components are designed to provide organizations with an integrated security solution that helps protect against a wide range of cyber threats.

Exploring Microsoft Sentinel Capabilities

Microsoft Sentinel has several capabilities that enhance an organization's security. It collects and analyses data from various sources to provide comprehensive security insights. This helps in real-time threat detection and response. Using advanced analytics and machine learning, it identifies abnormal patterns and potentially malicious activities within the network. It also integrates with Azure Security Center for a centralized view of security posture and recommendations.

Additionally, it offers proactive security monitoring and incident management through customizable dashboards, real-time alerting, and automated response playbooks. These features help security teams proactively identify and respond to security incidents, ultimately strengthening the organization's security posture.

Preparation Tips for the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam

Candidates preparing for the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam should focus on specific areas like understanding security layers, operating system security, network security, and security software. Anticipating question types and exam format can help candidates get familiar with the test structure and prepare better. Using online resources and practice tests to simulate the exam environment is a useful strategy.

Candidates can also benefit from creating a study schedule, seeking help from study groups or forums, and considering professional training courses. Staying updated on the latest security trends, industry best practices, and common security threats is important for better preparedness.


The Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam covers basic security concepts and principles. These include understanding security layers, identifying different types of threats, and implementing security best practices.

Candidates can expect to be tested on topics like network security, compliance and operational security, and understanding security policies.

The exam is for people who want to gain foundational knowledge in cybersecurity and is a required step for higher-level Microsoft security certifications.

Readynez offers a 1-day SC-900 Microsoft Security, Compliance and Identity Fundamentals Course and Certification Program, providing you with all the learning and support you need to successfully prepare for the exam and certification. The SC-900 Microsoft Security course, and all our other Microsoft courses, are also included in our unique Unlimited Microsoft Training offer, where you can attend the Microsoft Security Fundamentals and 60+ other Microsoft courses for just €199 per month, the most flexible and affordable way to get your Microsoft Certifications.

Please reach out to us with any questions or if you would like a chat about your opportunity with the Microsoft Security Fundamentals certification and how you best achieve it. 


What are the main topics covered in the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam?

The main topics covered in the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam include security basics, understanding operating system security, and understanding security software. Topics also cover topics like network security, user authentication, and access control.

What is the format of the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam?

The Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam is a multiple-choice exam with questions based on real-world scenarios that test your knowledge of security fundamentals, including topics like network security, security policies, and risk management.

How many questions are there in the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam?

There are a total of 40-60 questions in the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam.

What is the passing score for the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam?

The passing score for the Microsoft Security Fundamentals exam is 700 on a scale of 1000.

Are there any prerequisites for taking the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam?

No prerequisites are required for taking the Microsoft Security Fundamentals Exam.

A group of people discussing the latest Microsoft Azure news

Unlimited Microsoft Training

Get Unlimited access to ALL the LIVE Instructor-led Microsoft courses you want - all for the price of less than one course. 

  • 60+ LIVE Instructor-led courses
  • Money-back Guarantee
  • Access to 50+ seasoned instructors
  • Trained 50,000+ IT Pro's



Price: {{item.ItemPriceExVatFormatted}} {{item.Currency}}