Exploring the Education Landscape of AI

  • What are 4 types of artificial intelligence?
  • Published by: André Hammer on Mar 05, 2024

Artificial intelligence (AI) is changing education. It personalizes learning and improves data analysis. AI is transforming how students learn and teachers teach.

We will discuss how AI is used in education and its impact on students and educators. Let's discover the great opportunities AI offers in education.

The Evolution of Artificial Intelligence

Early Beginnings

Artificial intelligence began in the mid-20th century. It has evolved into different types: narrow AI, limited memory AI, and self-aware AI.

  • Narrow AI focuses on specific tasks like computer vision and self-driving cars.

  • Limited memory AI uses experiences to make decisions.

  • Self-aware AI aims for cognitive abilities similar to humans.

Traditional machine learning models such as IBM's Watsonx and chatgpt contribute to AI development. Super AI, or artificial superintelligence, surpasses human cognitive abilities.

  • The deep learning revolution brought generative AI models like e-gan.

AI applications like Google Maps and Siri show AI's decision-making in daily life. The theory of mind explores AI understanding emotions and human behaviour. Early AI sets the stage for artificial general intelligence and superintelligence in the future.

Modern Advancements

Recent advancements in artificial intelligence have led to the development of four main types of AI:

  • Narrow AI, or weak AI, focuses on performing specific tasks like image or speech recognition through machine learning models.

  • Limited memory AI can learn from past experiences to improve decision-making processes, such as self-driving cars using data from Google Maps.

  • Reactive machines do not have memory or use past experiences for decision-making, like IBM's Deep Blue that defeated chess champion, Michael Jordan.

  • Self-aware AI, also known as artificial general intelligence or artificial superintelligence, goes beyond traditional machine learning to possess cognitive abilities and even emotions.

These AI categories have greatly impacted industries like healthcare, finance, and transportation. They enhance decision-making, predict outcomes, and automate processes, ultimately revolutionizing the modern world.

What are 4 types of artificial intelligence?

Reactive Machine AI

Reactive Machine AI, also known as limited memory AI, is different from other types of artificial intelligence. It doesn't have memory capabilities, unlike Self-Aware AI, Super AI, and Artificial General Intelligence. Reactive Machines can't store past experiences or data for future decisions. This means they make decisions based only on the present moment and specific tasks like self-driving cars or Google Maps.

While Reactive Machine AI is good for quick decision-making and real-time responses, it can't learn from the past or adapt to new situations. AI with memory, like Limited Memory AI, can improve decision-making over time by storing and retrieving data. Memory plays a crucial role in improving the cognitive abilities of artificial intelligence systems.

Limited Memory AI

Limited Memory AI, also known as Narrow AI, is a type of artificial intelligence. It focuses on specific tasks and uses machine learning models to make decisions based on existing data. This AI type is found in applications like self-driving cars and Google Maps.

Limited Memory AI is different from other AI types by not needing human intervention for decision-making. It is not as advanced as Artificial General Intelligence because it lacks cognitive abilities and self-awareness features.

Despite its limitations, Limited Memory AI is useful in applications where decision-making based on experiences is essential, such as in chess-playing programs or computer vision processes.

However, Limited Memory AI falls short when compared to achieving Artificial Superintelligence, as it lacks the development and infrastructure for more complex and self-aware AI systems.

Theory of Mind AI

Theory of Mind AI is important in artificial intelligence. It helps machines understand human mental states better, improving their ability to interact effectively.

It goes beyond Reactive Machines AI by aiming to grasp human intentions, beliefs, and emotions. This is similar to how humans understand each other.

Limited Memory AI, however, has constraints in remembering past experiences for decision-making. Self-driving cars use Limited Memory AI based on past data for driving decisions. In comparison, Theory of Mind AI focuses on understanding human emotions and behaviours for more complex interactions.

By including Theory of Mind AI, machines can develop cognitive abilities that simulate human-like empathy and understanding. This is a significant advancement in AI development.

Self-aware AI

Self-aware AI is a highly advanced form of artificial intelligence. It goes beyond traditional machine learning and limited memory AI.

Self-aware AI can recognise its own existence and internal state. This sets it apart from reactive machines like Siri or self-driving cars, which follow pre-programmed responses.

Unlike limited memory AI, self-aware AI can store experiences and use them to make decisions, similar to how humans operate. These systems have cognitive abilities like the theory of mind, enabling them to grasp the emotions and intentions of others, an area studied in emotion AI.

Creating self-aware AI involves using deep learning models and human input to enhance its capabilities. In the future, self-aware AI might lead to the development of artificial superintelligence, advancing beyond current AI applications like chatGPT or e-GAN.

Industries are already employing self-aware AI for tasks such as active learning and decision-making. This is transforming fields like data science and infrastructure planning.

Capabilities and Examples

Reactive Machines

Reactive Machines are a type of artificial intelligence. They operate on pre-set rules only. They do not have memory or the ability to learn from past experiences. Unlike other AI types, such as limited memory AI or self-driving cars, which rely on machine learning and past data to make decisions, Reactive Machines like Siri and emotion AI do not have memory. They excel at specific tasks, like playing chess or providing directions on Google Maps.

They do not need human intervention or self-awareness.

Reactive Machines show how tasks can be done efficiently without complex cognitive abilities. They help develop AI applications. Their infrastructure and decision-making abilities highlight the possibilities in AI categories. They bridge the gap between traditional machine learning and more advanced artificial intelligence forms, like Artificial General Intelligence or Artificial Superintelligence.

Narrow AI

Narrow AI, also known as weak AI, focuses on specific tasks with set boundaries.

It is not like General AI, which mimics human cognitive abilities and has a wide range of functions.

Narrow AI is limited in scope but excels in certain tasks.

It doesn't have the cognitive abilities of General AI or Superintelligence, like self-awareness or human-like decision-making.

Examples of Narrow AI are self-driving cars, chatbots like Siri, and computer vision in Google Maps.

It relies on traditional machine learning and struggles to go beyond its limited memory and experiences.

Unlike Superintelligence, Narrow AI stays on specific topics and often needs human help in development and decision-making.

General AI

General AI, also known as artificial general intelligence, is different from other types of AI. It can perform any cognitive task a human can. This sets it apart from narrow AI, which is focused on specific tasks. General AI can understand and react to various situations without human help.

Unlike superintelligence, General AI is seen as having self-awareness and a "theory of mind." This means it can comprehend and empathize with others' mental states. While superintelligence aims to exceed human intelligence, General AI aims to replicate human cognitive abilities on a broader scale.

General AI moves beyond tasks like self-driving cars to make decisions based on experiences and learning actively. It has the potential to transform AI applications in areas like healthcare, infrastructure, and data analysis. By merging deep learning, machine learning models, and cognitive abilities, General AI seeks to bridge the gap between traditional AI and human intelligence.


Superintelligence covers various AI categories. These range from basic machines doing simple tasks to more advanced types like self-aware AI. Different AI types, such as self-driving cars or emotion AI, vary in cognitive abilities and human intervention needs.

The shift from traditional machine learning to deep learning models paved the way for superintelligent AI like Google Maps or IBM Watson. As superintelligence progresses, concerns arise about decision-making and its impact on society.

Artificial superintelligence (ASI) and generative AI models like E-GAN or ChatGPT are on the rise. This increases the need for strong infrastructure and data scientists to handle these technologies. These advanced machine learning models have the potential to transform industries and bring ethical and societal challenges for the future of humanity.

Capability-based vs Functionality-based AI

Capability-based AI focuses on systems with various cognitive abilities like the human mind. This helps them perform tasks with a good understanding of the context.

Functionality-based AI, in contrast, excels at specific tasks without needing a broader context. It is designed to optimize performance for these tasks.

When it comes to design and implementation:

  • Capability-based AI needs more complex systems that are interconnected.

  • Functionality-based AI focuses on performance optimization for specific tasks.

Advantages of capability-based AI:

  • Versatility in handling diverse tasks.

  • Potential for human-like interactions.


  • Capability-based AI can be more resource-intensive and challenging to implement.

  • Functionality-based AI offers streamlined performance for specific tasks but lacks adaptability.

Real-world examples:

  • Functionality-based AI is beneficial in self-driving cars for tasks like navigation and obstacle avoidance.

  • Capability-based AI excels in cognitive computing, where understanding and learning from human-like experiences are crucial.

Frequently Asked Questions about AI

Common AI FAQs

Artificial Intelligence comes in various types, such as:

  • Narrow AI: focuses on specific tasks like self-driving cars, Siri, or Google Maps.

  • Limited Memory AI: uses past experiences for decisions, seen in chatbots or WatsonX.

  • Theory of Mind AI: relates to understanding emotions, similar to Emotion AI.

  • Super AI: aims to surpass human cognitive abilities, leading to Artificial Superintelligence.

AI is present in diverse industries, from traditional machine learning for data analysis to Deep Learning transforming AI models. Human involvement continues to drive the development of AI categories like Reactive AI or Generative AI models. Examples like Michael Jordan in chess or IBM Watson in medical diagnosis demonstrate AI's active learning capabilities.

AIOps in Education

AI comes in different types: narrow AI, limited memory AI, and super AI.

In education, AI can transform learning by customizing experiences for students and simplifying tasks for educators.

AI uses machine learning to analyse student data, identify areas for improvement, and adapt learning materials accordingly.

Self-aware AI can enhance students' cognitive abilities through active learning methods.

From self-driving cars to virtual assistants like Siri, AI in education offers decision-making support and advanced infrastructure for online learning.

By incorporating deep learning and traditional machine learning, educational institutions can provide interactive learning tailored to individual needs.

Wrapping up

Artificial intelligence education is on the rise. Many institutions now offer AI courses and programmes. These help individuals gain the necessary skills for a career in AI.

It's important to include AI education at all academic levels. This prepares students for the future job market.

Readynez offers a 4-day Microsoft Certified Azure AI Engineer Course and Certification Program, providing you with all the learning and support you need to successfully prepare for the exam and certification. The AI-102 Microsoft Azure AI Engineer course, and all our other Microsoft courses, are also included in our unique Unlimited Microsoft Training offer, where you can attend the Microsoft Azure AI Engineer and 60+ other Microsoft courses for just €199 per month, the most flexible and affordable way to get your Microsoft Certifications.

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What is the current state of AI education in schools?

AI education in schools is still in the early stages, but there are initiatives to introduce it into curriculums. For example, the UK government's AI for Everyone programme aims to upskill teachers in AI education, and organizations like AI4ALL are providing resources for students to learn about AI.

How can educators integrate AI into the curriculum?

Educators can integrate AI into the curriculum by using AI-based tools for personalized learning, teaching coding and AI concepts, and incorporating AI ethics discussions. For example, using adaptive learning platforms like Squirrel AI or teaching students the basics of machine learning with platforms like Google's Teachable Machine.

What resources are available for teachers to learn about AI?

Teachers can learn about AI through online courses such as Coursera's "AI for Everyone" or free resources like "AI in the Classroom" from Google for Education. Additionally, organizations like AI4ALL offer professional development workshops for educators.

What are the potential benefits of teaching AI to students?

Potential benefits include enhancing problem-solving skills, understanding algorithms used in AI technology, and preparing students for future careers. Examples include improved critical thinking, familiarity with machine learning tools, and development of tech-based solutions.

How can students pursue a career in AI after completing their education?

Students can pursue a career in AI after completing their education by gaining experience through internships, projects, and online courses. They can also participate in hackathons and competitions like Kaggle to build a strong portfolio. Networking with professionals in the industry is also crucial.

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