Exploring the Basics of Microsoft Azure: AZ-900 Fundamentals

  • azure fundamentals az 900
  • Published by: André Hammer on Mar 04, 2024
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Welcome to Microsoft Azure! This article focuses on the basics of Azure, specifically the AZ-900 Fundamentals. Whether you're new to Azure or want to improve your knowledge, this guide will help you understand Azure services, cloud concepts, and security. Let's begin our exploration of Microsoft Azure fundamentals.

Overview of Microsoft Azure

Microsoft Azure offers a variety of services and resources like virtual machines, storage, and networking for different businesses.

Users can efficiently manage their resources using features like Azure Arc and management groups, which help streamline infrastructure management for organisations.

Azure also includes Azure AD for secure identity and access management, crucial for database and software development.

With a focus on cloud concepts and a shared responsibility model, Azure allows technology professionals to secure, administer, and use their cloud resources effectively.

Azure's hybrid and consumption-based models, along with its high availability and scalability, provide organisations with flexibility to customise their cloud solutions.

Understanding Azure's architecture and language is fundamental for a successful career in technology.

Azure's reliable and secure cloud pricing models ensure predictability and manageability in the constantly changing cloud computing world.

Importance of AZ-900 Fundamentals

Understanding the AZ-900 fundamentals is important for individuals in cloud computing. It covers cloud concepts, networking, storage, virtual machines, and Azure services.

By mastering these skills, professionals can effectively manage Azure resources like Azure Arc, Azure AD, and management groups. They can secure, administer, and manage infrastructure, database, and software development following the shared responsibility model.

A good grasp of AZ-900 fundamentals also prepares professionals for cloud pricing models, serverless, high availability, scalability, reliability, and predictability. This knowledge is crucial for organisations adopting Microsoft Azure.

It ensures a secure and strategic approach to Azure services, regions, region pairs, sovereign regions, and availability zones. It helps to leverage different compute types, functions, Azure Monitor, and technology for innovation and efficiency.

Strong AZ-900 knowledge can lead to significant career growth in the tech industry.

Audience Profile

Who Should Take the AZ-900 Exam

Individuals who want to learn about cloud concepts, Azure services, and Microsoft Azure basics should think about taking the AZ-900 exam. This exam helps tech professionals improve their skills in compute, networking, storage, and database management in the cloud. Passing the AZ-900 exam can lead to roles in infrastructure management, software development, and cloud computing.

Certification in AZ-900 enables individuals to effectively manage resources using Azure Arc, Azure AD, and management groups. Having prior knowledge of public and private cloud concepts, different cloud pricing models, and the shared responsibility model is helpful for the exam. Understanding high availability, scalability, reliability, and security in cloud computing is important, along with knowing about region pairs, sovereign regions, and availability zones for the AZ-900 exam.

Cloud Concepts

Cloud concepts cover various topics in cloud computing. It's important to understand cloud service models, including public, private, and hybrid clouds. Knowing about deployment models like IaaS, PaaS, and serverless helps in effectively managing cloud resources.

Understanding principles like secure architecture, shared responsibility, and consumption-based pricing is crucial for career growth in infrastructure management, database management, and software development. Cloud concepts also include topics like high availability, scalability, reliability, and predictability.

Being aware of scalability, elasticity, and disaster recovery is essential for managing cloud infrastructure and ensuring data resilience. Mastering cloud concepts is fundamental for success in the cloud technology space.

Azure Architecture

Azure Architecture provides a strong foundation for cloud computing skills. It includes technologies like virtual machines and Azure Arc. These help technology professionals manage resources better. Components such as Azure AD, resource groups, and management groups support secure infrastructure and database management. Networking features like Azure Monitor and networking topics boost networking capabilities.

The architecture covers cloud concepts like public, private, and hybrid cloud computing. It also includes consumption-based and pricing models for efficient resource use. Azure Architecture focuses on high availability and scalability, ensuring reliability across datacenters. Understanding the shared responsibility model helps professionals secure and manage their infrastructure and software development easily. This knowledge sets the stage for a successful cloud computing career.

Azure Compute

Azure Compute offers different compute types:

  • Virtual machines
  • Serverless functions

These help organisations scale applications efficiently based on demand.

By using Azure Compute, technology professionals can:

  • Manage infrastructure
  • Manage database resources
  • Support software development
  • Support cloud computing needs

Azure Compute follows a shared responsibility model for:

  • Secure administration
  • Governance

It aligns with cloud concepts and best practices.

With features such as:

  • High availability
  • Scalability
  • Reliability

Azure Compute supports a consumption-based model with:

  • Flexible cloud pricing

Azure Monitor allows for:

  • Proactive monitoring of compute resources
  • Across regions
  • Availability zones
  • Datacentres

This ensures predictability and manageability.

Azure Arc:

  • Extends governance to hybrid environments
  • Integrates with Azure AD for secure access control

Understanding these foundational concepts and architectural components is vital for a successful career in cloud technology.

Networking Services

Networking services in Microsoft Azure help improve connectivity and communication in organisations.

Azure offers services like Azure Arc, Azure AD, and Azure Monitor, enabling effective resource governance, subscription management, and performance monitoring.

These services enhance operational efficiency and cloud computing performance, including virtual machines and storage.

Professionals with networking knowledge can create scalable network architectures that align with career goals.

Adopting a hybrid approach and understanding cloud concepts can boost security, scalability, and manageability with a consumption-based model.

Azure's networking services support infrastructure and database management, software development, and high availability functions, improving connectivity and operational efficiency.

Azure Storage Services

Azure Storage Services offer a variety of features and benefits for businesses needing to store and manage their data efficiently.

These services provide secure and scalable storage solutions, enabling businesses to store data reliably and predictably.

Businesses can choose from different types of storage options such as Blob Storage, File Storage, and Queue Storage, each tailored for different scenarios.

For instance, Blob Storage is great for storing large amounts of unstructured data, while Queue Storage assists in creating messaging solutions.

By effectively governing these storage resources, businesses can utilise Azure Storage Services to enhance their infrastructure and database management skills.

By mastering the exam topics and objectives related to Azure Storage Services, tech professionals can better secure and administer their storage infrastructure in a hybrid cloud setting.


Microsoft Azure prioritizes the security of user data and resources through key practices and protocols. Users can enhance their cloud services' security by focusing on foundational cloud concepts like storage, virtual machines, and networking.

It is important to skill up on Azure Arc for infrastructure management and Azure AD for identity and access management. Understanding cloud computing languages, such as Azure Monitor for resource monitoring, is crucial for effective security.

Governing resource groups and subscriptions through management groups enables users to secure and administer their infrastructure effectively. The shared responsibility model in Azure underscores the significance of security at all levels, from database management to software development.

Technology professionals can safeguard their assets in a hybrid, consumption-based model by prioritizing security, administration, and manageability. By prioritizing security alongside high availability, scalability, and reliability, Azure users ensure predictability in their cloud services.

Azure's region pairs, sovereign regions, and availability zones provide additional security layers against data breaches and downtime. Understanding different compute types and functions allows users to implement security measures effectively to protect valuable data and resources.

Management and Governance

Effective management and governance are important for the success of organizations using Microsoft Azure.

Adhering to key principles and best practices, such as resource allocation, scheduling, and using Azure Monitor for monitoring and optimization, helps ensure efficient operations and cost-effective cloud technology use.

Aligning management and governance strategies with industry standards and compliance requirements, like Azure Arc for hybrid environments and Azure AD for secure access management, is crucial for maintaining a secure Azure environment.

Technology professionals with knowledge in cloud concepts, compute, networking, storage, and database management can govern Azure resources effectively and design secure solutions.

Understanding the shared responsibility model, cloud pricing models, serverless options, and high availability regions and zones are important for Azure infrastructure reliability and manageability.

Focusing on skills development, career growth, and mastering cloud computing languages and technologies enables organizations to achieve optimal performance and security in Azure deployments.

Cost Management

Effective cost management in an Azure environment involves monitoring and controlling expenses for Azure services.

  • Organisations can use tools like Azure Cost Management to gain insights and optimise resource allocation.
  • Understanding cloud concepts and having skills in areas like infrastructure and database management is crucial for efficient governance.
  • Azure Arc extends management and security across different environments, enhancing cost management capabilities.
  • Foundational knowledge in cloud computing and understanding pricing models is essential for technology professionals working with Azure.
  • Considering factors like high availability, scalability, reliability, predictability, and security helps ensure cost-effectiveness and competitiveness in cloud technology.

Governance and Compliance

Governance and compliance in Microsoft Azure are important. They help meet regulatory requirements. Strategies like Azure Arc, Azure AD, and management groups help organisations comply with industry standards.

Governance in Azure helps manage resources effectively. It allows secure administration of virtual machines, storage, and networking. Security measures like secure architecture components and secure database management protect data.

Technology professionals need to understand cloud concepts and pricing models. This knowledge is essential to advance careers in the cloud industry. Following the shared responsibility model and using consumption-based models ensures high availability and security.

Knowing about regions, datacenters, and region pairs is important for availability. Addressing topics like compute types, functions, and scheduling in Azure Monitor helps govern and secure the cloud environment effectively.

Monitoring Tools

Monitoring tools are important for managing Azure resources effectively.

These tools help technology professionals by providing insights into managing virtual machines, storage, networking, compute, and databases in the cloud.

Professionals can use tools like Azure Monitor to schedule alerts, monitor regions, availability zones, datacenters, and resource groups.

They can also track cloud concepts and ensure high availability for their applications.

Understanding cloud pricing models and shared responsibility models, professionals can choose the right monitoring tool based on their career goals and cloud computing knowledge.

These tools also help in managing compute types, functions, and architectural components securely and compliantly, supporting Azure AD, Azure Arc, management groups, and subscriptions.

Study Guide

A study guide for Microsoft Azure Fundamentals should cover a wide range of topics. This ensures individuals are well-prepared for the AZ-900 exam. These topics include:

  • Cloud concepts
  • Networking
  • Storage
  • Virtual machines
  • Azure Arc

It is crucial to understand resource groups, subscriptions, and management groups. The guide should also cover Azure Monitor, Azure AD, and foundational knowledge of Azure services. Additionally, it should touch on skills needed for infrastructure and database management, software development, and cloud computing.

Other essential topics to include are cloud pricing models, shared responsibility model, and concepts of hybrid and consumption-based models. It is key to examine aspects such as security, high availability, scalability, and reliability.

The guide should discuss manageability, availability zones, data centers, and different compute types. By efficiently covering these important Azure concepts and services, individuals can enhance their skills in architectural components and advance their careers in technology.

Microsoft Azure Fundamentals

Understanding Microsoft Azure Fundamentals is important for people interested in cloud computing. By learning about storage, virtual machines, and networking, individuals can develop the skills needed to manage resources well.

Azure Arc and Azure AD are key parts of Azure's architecture that simplify infrastructure and database management. Knowing about cloud concepts, different types of computing, and public versus private regions, professionals can confidently take the AZ-900 exam.

Azure Monitor, management groups, and resource groups are crucial topics in Azure Fundamentals for building a career in cloud computing. Understanding the shared responsibility model, pricing based on usage, and serverless functions helps grasp cloud technology better, improving reliability and predictability.

Exploring Azure's manageability, region pairs, sovereign regions, and availability zones helps in effective cloud resource management.


Recent updates in Microsoft Azure have introduced improvements in different areas:

  • Storage
  • Virtual machines
  • Azure Arc
  • Azure AD
  • Networking

These updates affect the AZ-900 Fundamentals exam. Candidates need to enhance their skills in cloud concepts, compute, and networking.

Understanding public, private, and hybrid cloud concepts, as well as regions, resource groups, and subscriptions, is important for technology professionals managing Azure resources.

Foundational knowledge of secure infrastructure management, database management, and software development is essential for cloud computing careers. Updates focus on the shared responsibility model, consumption-based and cloud pricing models, and highlight high availability, scalability, reliability, and security in Azure resource management.

Knowledge of region pairs, sovereign regions, availability zones, and various compute types is necessary for predictability and manageability in cloud environments. This helps in ensuring efficient management of cloud resources.


This article covers the basics of Microsoft Azure for the AZ-900 certification exam. It explains cloud computing, Azure services, deployment models, and pricing. It aims to help readers grasp the core principles of using Microsoft Azure for different applications and services.

By understanding these concepts, readers can build a solid foundation in Azure technology and enhance their skills for real-world scenarios.

Readynez offers a 1-day Azure Fundamentals Course and Certification Program, providing you with all the learning and support you need to successfully prepare for the exam and certification. The Azure Fundamentals course, and all our other Microsoft Azure courses, are also included in our unique Unlimited Microsoft Training offer, where you can attend the Azure Fundamentals and 60+ other Microsoft courses for just €199 per month, the most flexible and affordable way to get your Microsoft Certifications.

Please reach out to us with any questions or if you would like a chat about your opportunity with the Azure Fundamentals certification and how you best achieve it. 


What are the key benefits of Microsoft Azure?

The key benefits of Microsoft Azure include scalability, cost-effectiveness, and flexibility. For example, businesses can easily scale resources up or down based on demands, pay for only what they use, and choose from a variety of services to meet their specific needs.

What are the core services provided by Microsoft Azure?

The core services provided by Microsoft Azure include virtual machines, app services, storage solutions, machine learning tools, and databases like SQL Database and Cosmos DB.

How does Microsoft Azure ensure data security?

Microsoft Azure ensures data security through encryption, access control, and compliance certifications. It offers features like Azure Key Vault for securely storing keys, Azure Security Center for monitoring threats, and compliance certifications like GDPR and ISO 27001.

What is the role of a virtual machine in Azure infrastructure?

A virtual machine in Azure infrastructure provides a scalable and flexible way to run workloads in the cloud. For example, you can deploy Windows or Linux VMs to host applications or services without the need for physical hardware.

What are the different pricing models offered by Microsoft Azure?

The different pricing models offered by Microsoft Azure include pay-as-you-go, reserved instances, and spot instances. Pay-as-you-go allows flexibility with charges based on usage. Reserved instances offer discounts for committing to a certain capacity. Spot instances provide discounted rates for unused capacity.

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