Buy Unlimited Training licenses in June and get an extra 3 months for free! ☀️

Pass Azure Fundamentals: Your First Step

  • Azure Fundamentals certification
  • Published by: André Hammer on Feb 02, 2024
A group of people discussing exciting IT topics

The Azure Fundamentals certification, also known as the AZ-900 exam, is designed to validate your foundational knowledge of Microsoft Azure, one of the leading cloud service platforms.

The certification provides a comprehensive introduction to cloud services and how they are delivered through Microsoft Azure. It’s an important first step for those who want to pursue more advanced Microsoft certifications. Also, it provides IT professionals with a solid foundation to demonstrate their cloud expertise to potential employers.

This introductory certification provides a foundation for specialization and ensures you understand the basics of cloud computing. It’s ideal for those new to cloud computing or transitioning from other IT fields into roles focused on cloud services.

Whether you aim to be a developer, architect, or data scientist, understanding Azure is essential in today's tech industry. This article will guide you through the essential aspects of this certification and how it can mark the start of your journey into cloud technology.

Importance of Azure Fundamentals Certification

Acquiring the Azure Fundamentals certification is a significant investment in your career. The certification validates your understanding of cloud computing basics and lays a strong foundation for further learning in the Azure ecosystem.

Over 70% of organizations globally have adopted Microsoft Azure for cloud computing, making Azure Fundamentals certification crucial for IT professionals in meeting the growing demand. Certified professionals play a key role in helping organizations leverage Azure’s features efficiently to manage data, improve scalability, and reduce costs.

For individuals, expertise in Azure opens up career paths in cloud computing, cybersecurity, and data management. For instance, cloud administrators manage and maintain cloud infrastructure, while developers create cloud-based applications that businesses rely on. The certification enhances your skills in these areas, giving you a competitive edge in securing such roles.

The certification confirms your understanding of core Azure concepts and various cloud services. It ensures you understand pricing, support, and cloud architecture. This foundational knowledge is crucial for thriving in a cloud-based business environment that demands skilled IT professionals.

It’s the first step toward advanced skills in machine learning, AI, and data analysis. Pursuing the Azure Fundamentals certification keeps your knowledge current, which is vital in IT where technology evolves rapidly. By establishing this foundational knowledge, you're preparing for advanced certifications and roles that require them.

With focused training, you can gain the knowledge required for the Azure Fundamentals certification and develop a deep understanding that will support you in your cloud computing career.

Exam Structure

Question Format

The Azure Fundamentals exam evaluates your understanding of key cloud concepts and your ability to apply them effectively in real-world scenarios. The exam structure includes various question formats:

Multiple-choice Questions: These questions measure your understanding of Azure's core concepts, requiring you to select the correct answer from several options. The questions vary in complexity, testing not just your recall of facts but also your understanding of nuanced differences between concepts.

Case-based Questions: Presenting scenarios that simulate real-world challenges, these questions assess how well you apply your knowledge to solve problems. You will need to analyze each situation and select the most appropriate solution.

Drag-and-Drop Questions: These questions test your understanding of processes and concepts by having you match items correctly or complete diagrams. They help assess your practical knowledge of Azure services.

True or False Questions: These questions test your ability to distinguish between correct and incorrect statements about Azure services and practices.

The exam typically has a specific time limit, ranging between 60 and 85 minutes. A minimum score, often around 700 out of 1000, is required to pass, though this can vary.

The exam uses adaptive testing, adjusting the difficulty of questions based on your previous answers, to offer a tailored assessment of your knowledge. it is available in multiple languages, including English, Spanish, and Japanese.

The exam covers foundational topics like cloud concepts, core Azure services, security, compliance, and Azure pricing. This ensures that you understand the basics before moving on to advanced certifications.

Preparing well for the various types of questions ensures that you are equipped to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of Azure fundamentals and can effectively apply this knowledge in practical scenarios.

Exam Topics

Understanding the scope of the Azure Fundamentals exam requires familiarizing yourself with the range of topics it covers. The exam is comprehensive, testing knowledge across four main areas: core cloud concepts, core Azure services, security and compliance, and Azure pricing and service lifecycle.

Core Cloud Concepts

Cloud Computing Models

  • IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service): IaaS provides essential infrastructure resources such as servers, storage, and networking from cloud providers like Azure. This service model allows organizations to rent virtualized hardware that they can configure and manage based on their specific requirements. The major advantage is scalability; companies can increase or decrease their infrastructure without managing physical hardware. For example, a company launching a new web application can use IaaS to quickly set up the needed virtual machines and then scale them as traffic grows.
  • PaaS (Platform as a Service): PaaS provides a platform that includes both the hardware and software required for developing and deploying applications. This service abstracts the underlying infrastructure, allowing developers to focus on coding and deploying applications without managing servers or networking. For example, Azure App Service enables developers to deploy web apps directly to the cloud without worrying about the underlying infrastructure.
  • SaaS (Software as a Service): SaaS allows users to access cloud-based applications through a web browser, eliminating the need for installation or maintenance of software on individual devices. This model makes software accessible from any device connected to the internet. Popular examples include office productivity suites and customer relationship management (CRM) systems, which are provided as complete, ready-to-use services.

These three models— IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS—form the building blocks of cloud computing and are essential concepts for understanding how cloud services work.

Cloud Architectures

Understanding the various types of cloud architectures is crucial for grasping how cloud services are used in different organizational contexts:

  • Public Cloud: In a public cloud, computing resources like servers and storage are provided over the internet by third-party vendors and are shared across multiple organizations. This model offers significant scalability and cost efficiency since users only pay for the resources they use. For example, businesses can quickly scale their applications by leveraging the elastic computing power of a public cloud like Azure without needing to invest in physical hardware. This setup is ideal for startups and smaller organizations that require flexibility and need to optimize their IT budgets.
  • Private Cloud: A private cloud operates on a dedicated infrastructure that is used solely by one organization. The company has full control over its data, security measures, and networking configurations. This type of architecture is ideal for organizations that have strict compliance requirements, need advanced security, or handle sensitive data. An example of a private cloud might be a financial institution that hosts its data within its own data center to maintain strict security and compliance standards.
  • Hybrid Cloud: A hybrid cloud combines the best of both public and private clouds, allowing data and applications to be shared between them. This architecture is designed for organizations that need to keep certain sensitive data on-premises while still leveraging the flexibility of the public cloud for less sensitive workloads. An example is a retail business that keeps customer payment information secure in a private cloud while using the public cloud for its online storefront due to fluctuating traffic levels.

Core Azure Services

Compute Services

Azure's compute services offer the foundational infrastructure required to run applications.

Azure Virtual Machines provide on-demand, scalable computing power, allowing businesses to deploy virtual servers that can be adjusted to their changing needs. This flexibility is vital for running applications, testing software, or handling unexpected spikes in traffic.

Azure App Service enables developers to easily deploy and manage web applications, automatically scaling resources based on demand, which is crucial for businesses needing to handle varying web traffic efficiently.

Networking Services

Azure's networking services ensure secure and efficient connectivity.

Azure Virtual Networks establish private networks within the cloud, enabling secure communication between Azure resources and external networks. This is essential for connecting virtual machines and other services securely, just like a traditional network.

The Azure Load Balancer ensures that application traffic is distributed evenly across resources, which maintains high availability and improves performance by preventing overloads on any single resource.

Storage Services

Azure offers robust storage solutions for diverse needs.

Blob Storage provides REST-based object storage for unstructured data, such as documents, images, and backups.

Disk Storage delivers durable, high-performance block storage for virtual machines, databases, and other applications requiring consistent performance.

File Storage supports managed file shares, enabling seamless file sharing across virtual machines and applications, similar to traditional network shares.

Security and Compliance

Security Features

Security is a key concern in cloud computing, and the Azure Fundamentals exam underscores the importance of understanding Azure's security features.

Azure Security Center offers a unified security management solution, providing advanced threat protection across both Azure and hybrid cloud workloads. It helps identify vulnerabilities and provides recommendations to enhance your security posture.

For identity and access management, Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) ensures that only authorized individuals can access your resources. It utilizes multi-factor authentication (MFA) to confirm user identities and role-based access control (RBAC) to restrict access based on user roles.

Compliance Certifications

Adhering to industry standards is crucial for businesses, and Azure aligns with multiple certifications to demonstrate compliance:

  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization): Azure follows ISO standards for quality management and information security, indicating that its services and systems meet recognized international guidelines. This certification assures customers that Azure maintains a high level of data security and operational integrity.
  • SOC (Service Organization Controls): SOC reports validate that Azure adheres to stringent guidelines for secure data handling, accurate reporting, and robust operations. These reports are important for businesses in regulated industries, as they demonstrate that Azure meets compliance requirements for sensitive data processing.
  • GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation): Azure supports businesses in complying with GDPR by adhering to data protection and privacy regulations applicable in Europe. This means that Azure offers data management practices and tools that align with GDPR standards, ensuring that organizations handle personal data in ways that meet European legal requirements.

Privacy Measures

Microsoft Azure places a high priority on data privacy with features like encryption and data residency. Encryption secures data in transit (moving over networks) and at rest (stored on disks), making it inaccessible to unauthorized users.

Data residency ensures that customer data is stored in specific geographical locations, helping organizations comply with regional regulations. These measures are particularly vital for organizations managing sensitive data.

Azure Pricing and Lifecycle

Pricing Models

Understanding the financial aspects of cloud services is vital, and the Azure Fundamentals exam covers different pricing models to suit various business needs:

  • Pay-As-You-Go: This model is based on usage, meaning you only pay for what you use. It is ideal for short-term and flexible workloads that require quick scaling, making it suitable for businesses that experience variable demand. This flexibility allows organizations to control costs by adjusting resources based on their current needs.
  • Reserved Instances: Reserved Instances provide significant cost savings for businesses that can commit to one- or three-year terms. This model works well for predictable workloads and long-term projects, allowing organizations to lock in discounted rates. By reserving resources in advance, businesses can save substantially compared to pay-as-you-go pricing, making it advantageous for consistent usage patterns.

Service Lifecycle

Understanding the service lifecycle is crucial for IT professionals who manage cloud resources, and the Azure Fundamentals certification emphasizes this knowledge.

Key stages in the lifecycle of Azure services include:

  • Preview: During this phase, new features or services are made available for testing and evaluation. This gives users the chance to explore and experiment with the latest offerings before they become fully supported. It's a valuable opportunity for IT teams to understand the potential impact of new features on their existing systems and to provide feedback.
  • General Availability (GA): Once a service reaches General Availability, it is fully supported and recommended for production use. Comprehensive Service Level Agreements (SLAs) are in place, which specify the guaranteed uptime and performance levels businesses can expect. This stage ensures that the service is stable, reliable, and suitable for enterprise-level deployment.
  • Retirement: Eventually, older services or features may be retired, meaning they will no longer be supported or maintained by Microsoft. Understanding this stage helps organizations plan for migrations to newer services, ensuring that they continue to receive the necessary support and maintain operational efficiency.

Preparation Strategies

Study Resources

A comprehensive strategy for Azure Fundamentals certification involves leveraging a range of study resources:

  • Official Microsoft Guides: These guides, such as the "Microsoft Learn" modules, offer detailed and structured insights into all exam objectives. They include official documentation, tutorials, and use-case examples that deepen your understanding of Azure services and best practices.
  • Online Courses: Platforms like Microsoft Learn, Coursera, and Udemy provide interactive courses. Many courses include hands-on labs that allow you to practice tasks directly in Azure, which enhances understanding through practical application.
  • Practice Exams: Taking practice exams is crucial for gauging readiness. These exams help you identify weak areas, understand the types of questions asked, and improve your time management skills during the actual exam.

Combining these resources ensures a holistic preparation approach that covers theory and practical skills.

Study Plan Creation

A structured study plan is key to navigating the broad content of Azure Fundamentals effectively:

  • Outline Topics: Start by listing all the topics covered in the exam's official objectives. Prioritize based on your strengths and weaknesses.
  • Set Timelines: Allocate sufficient time to cover each topic thoroughly, considering your availability. Include review periods to reinforce learning.
  • Incorporate Diverse Study Methods: Balance reading, watching videos, and practical exercises to cover both theoretical knowledge and hands-on skills.
  • Track Progress: Regularly assess your understanding through quizzes and practice exams to refine your study plan as needed.

This structured approach ensures a comprehensive understanding of Azure concepts and readiness for the exam.

Hands-On Practice

Practical experience is crucial for reinforcing Azure knowledge:

  • Set Up a Free Azure Account: Use Microsoft's free trial or free tier services to explore Azure's core services in a real environment.
  • Follow Official Labs and Tutorials: Microsoft provides hands-on labs that walk you through common Azure scenarios. These labs simulate real-world tasks, giving you the chance to apply theoretical knowledge.
  • Create Real Projects: Design a small project, such as deploying a website or setting up a virtual network, to solidify your understanding of how Azure services work together.

Community Engagement and Support

Online Communities

Participating in online communities is a powerful tool for exam preparation. Platforms like Reddit and the Microsoft Tech Community provide spaces where learners can ask questions, share knowledge, and gain insights from others' experiences.

Members of these forums often discuss practical scenarios, highlighting solutions that might not be found in official study materials.

By staying active in these communities, you can keep abreast of the latest developments in Azure and learn best practices directly from those working in the field.

Study Partners

Having a study partner or joining a study group can enhance your learning experience significantly. Collaborative study allows you to exchange resources and ideas, making complex concepts easier to understand.

By testing each other’s knowledge and engaging in discussions, you can deepen your understanding of the material.

This collaborative learning fosters a network of support that remains valuable even after achieving certification, as it provides motivation and encouragement. Readynez helps learners find study partners for support through its training programs.

Official Microsoft Resources

Tapping into official Microsoft resources is critical for accurate and up-to-date information.

Microsoft Learn offers free, interactive learning paths that comprehensively cover Azure Fundamentals exam objectives. Their official documentation includes detailed explanations and real-world examples that help clarify difficult concepts.

Access to Microsoft’s support resources, like live chat and forums, ensures you receive reliable guidance throughout your study journey.

Exam Day Strategies

Reviewing Key Concepts

On exam day, it's best to review key concepts by going over notes or flashcards briefly. Focus on topics that you find challenging or that are emphasized in the exam syllabus.

Identify and list three to five essential concepts to refresh your memory, ensuring a focused review without overwhelming yourself.

Time Management

Time management is crucial during the exam. To manage your time effectively, divide the total exam time by the number of questions to get an approximate time per question. Pace yourself accordingly but remain flexible.

If a question requires more thought, move on and return to it later, maximizing the number of questions answered.

Staying Calm and Focused

Maintaining calm and focus can significantly impact your performance. Practice deep breathing techniques before the exam to relax.

When you sit for the exam, close your eyes for a few seconds and take deep breaths to clear your mind. This will help you concentrate better and remain composed.


The Azure Fundamentals certification (AZ-900 exam) offers essential knowledge of Microsoft Azure's foundational cloud services. It validates your understanding of core concepts, positioning you for future growth in the cloud computing field.

By understanding these basics, you can explore specialized roles like developer, architect, or data scientist. Focused preparation and practical experience help solidify your grasp of these foundational skills for effective application in cloud computing environments.


1. What is Microsoft Azure, and how can exam prep help in understanding its specialization areas?

Answer: Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing platform that offers a wide range of services for businesses and IT personnel. To gain knowledge in its specialization areas, effective exam prep helps you develop fundamental knowledge about the platform, guided by resources like Microsoft Learn and hands-on exercises.

2. What fundamental knowledge is required for IT personnel to explore career opportunities in Microsoft Azure?

Answer: IT personnel aiming to explore career opportunities in Microsoft Azure should have fundamental knowledge of cloud computing, including governance, compliance, and cost management. Understanding Azure's services is essential for developers, architects, data scientists, and security professionals.

3. How does Microsoft Azure support businesses with interactive exercises for SQL databases and cost management?

Answer: Microsoft Azure offers businesses interactive exercises through its learning platforms and sandbox environments. These exercises provide hands-on experience in cost management, governance, and SQL databases, allowing users to understand how to implement these services in controlled environments.

4. How can IT professionals gain confidence in their knowledge of Microsoft Azure's objective domains?

Answer: IT professionals can gain confidence by studying the objective domains of Microsoft Azure certifications and using the available resources. Applied learning projects and interactive exercises in a controlled environment help reinforce fundamental knowledge and build practical skills.

5. How do vouchers and a Microsoft account help access Microsoft Azure's cloud subscription services for applied learning projects?

Answer: Vouchers can be used to access training and certification exams for Microsoft Azure, while a Microsoft account allows access to its cloud subscription services. These enable IT personnel to engage in applied learning projects that develop skills for managing cloud environments effectively.

A group of people discussing the latest Microsoft Azure news

Unlimited Microsoft Training

Get Unlimited access to ALL the LIVE Instructor-led Microsoft courses you want - all for the price of less than one course. 

  • 60+ LIVE Instructor-led courses
  • Money-back Guarantee
  • Access to 50+ seasoned instructors
  • Trained 50,000+ IT Pro's



Price: {{item.ItemPriceExVatFormatted}} {{item.Currency}}