ISO 27002 Explained Simply

  • iso 27002
  • Published by: André Hammer on Apr 04, 2024

Welcome to the ultimate guide to understanding ISO 27002.

If you've ever felt puzzled by all the jargon around information security, you're not alone.

This article will break down the ISO 27002 standard in simple terms, even for those new to cybersecurity.

So, grab a cup of tea and get ready to unravel the mysteries of ISO 27002 in an easy-to-understand way.

Let's dive in!

ISO 27002:2022


ISO 27002 has a long history that has shaped its impact on information security practices. The standard has changed and adapted over time in response to important events and advancements in the field.

Originally known as ISO/IEC 17799, ISO/IEC 27002 now offers guidance on how organisations can establish, maintain, and improve security management systems. It covers various security areas like asset management, access control, and risk management.

The standard has been updated to keep up with the evolving landscape of information security risks and compliance needs. By following ISO 27002, organisations can strengthen their security measures, protect their information assets, and meet international standards for managing information security systems.

Ongoing Development

Ongoing development in ISO 27002 helps maintain information security in organisations.

Continuous improvement of security controls and following the standard's guidelines enhances security management.

Strategies like regular risk assessments, governance reviews, and asset management evaluations are vital for ISO/IEC 27002 compliance.

These practices address information security risks and protect the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of information assets.

Implementing guidance from ISO 27002:2022 lays a strong foundation for cybersecurity and privacy protection.

Focusing on security techniques and control objectives in Annex A aligns practices with industry standards.

This approach helps meet certification requirements and improves security posture.

ISO/IEC 27002


ISO/IEC 27002 offers guidance on information security controls in an Information Security Management System (ISMS).

The standard suggests best practices for implementing security techniques to manage information security risks effectively. Compared to ISO 27001 or ISO 27701, ISO/IEC 27002 focuses on security controls for protecting confidentiality, availability, and integrity of information assets.

It provides detailed implementation guidance for security domains like asset management, access control, and physical security. By defining control objectives and requirements, it helps organisations develop a strong security management system meeting international standards.

This standard is crucial for organisations aiming to enhance security, manage risks, and meet certification requirements in the changing landscape of information security governance.


ISO/IEC 27002 is a standard that offers guidance on information security controls. It has changed over time to adapt to cyber threats and technological advancements.

The updates to ISO/IEC 27002 impact organisations by improving security measures and ensuring compliance with standards.

These changes provide updated security techniques and objectives to enhance security management systems.

By following ISO/IEC 27002:2022, organisations align security controls with best practices and certification requirements.

This helps in mitigating risks, ensuring the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of information assets.

The evolution of ISO/IEC 27002 assists organisations in managing information security effectively and protecting privacy.

New Controls

The new controls in ISO/IEC 27002 aim to make information security better in organisations. They offer security techniques and guidance on how to put them into action.

These controls cover different security areas like managing assets, controlling access, managing risks, governance, and physical security.

By focusing on key goals like availability, confidentiality, and privacy, these controls help organisations lower information security risks and keep their important information safe.

They also help in improving security management by giving advice on best practices and the requirements for certification following ISO/IEC 27000 standards.

These controls guide organisations on setting up an Information Security Management System based on ISO/IEC 27001. This helps in following the latest security standards.

In addition, the new controls in ISO/IEC 27002 pay attention to human resource security matters. They set out extra standards and rules for managing access to sensitive information, making an organisation's security stronger.

Environmental Security

Environmental security in an organization involves various security controls to protect information assets.

ISO/IEC 27002 gives guidance on implementing these controls and is a helpful tool for improving security management systems.

Following the ISO 27002:2022 requirements allows addressing security domains like availability, confidentiality, and privacy.

By using security techniques and best practices, organisations can reduce information security risks concerning asset management, access control, and physical security.

Implementing environmental security measures helps organisations protect their information assets from risks and threats.

This includes managing security controls, risk, and meeting regulations like ISO 27701.

Compliance with ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO 27002 is critical to safeguard against vulnerabilities and breaches that could impact security.

As security systems evolve, organisations need to regularly assess and enhance security measures to stay protected from cyber threats and ensure a secure work environment.

Human Resource Security

Organisations can improve human resource security through measures such as thorough employee screening and background checks. This helps prevent unauthorised access to sensitive information.

Access control and asset management are also effective in preventing unauthorised access by current or former employees.

To enhance human resource security further, organisations can offer cybersecurity training to employees. This training should cover security techniques and best practices outlined in ISO 27002:2022 guidelines.

These guidelines include advice on risk management, governance, and physical security. They help protect information assets effectively.

By following ISO security standards, organisations can establish a strong security management system. This system addresses information security risks and ensures compliance with privacy protection regulations.

This approach aligns with the requirements of the ISO 27000 family and NIST. It helps create a secure environment for the organisation's information assets.

Access Control

Organizations that want to implement access control measures following ISO/IEC 27002 standards should focus on creating strong access control policies. These policies should match ISO 27001 certification requirements, highlighting the need for security controls to safeguard information assets.

By using the guidance in ISO/IEC 27002:2022, organisations can establish security techniques and controls to manage information security risks effectively. It's important to consider factors like availability, confidentiality, and privacy protection when designing access control measures for proper governance and risk management.

Physical security, along with standards like ISO 27701, can further improve an organisation's cybersecurity stance. By including security domains from Annex A of the ISO/IEC 27000-series, organisations can adopt best practices and develop their security management systems to meet certification requirements.

Difference Between ISO 27001 and ISO 27002

ISO 27001 and ISO 27002 are standards focusing on information security management.

ISO 27001 sets requirements for establishing, implementing, and improving an Information Security Management System.

ISO 27002 provides guidelines for selecting, implementing, and managing security controls to ensure information asset confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

ISO 27001 lays the foundation for an ISMS, while ISO 27002 offers detailed security controls and implementation guidance to meet these requirements effectively.

Aligning with both standards helps organisations create a comprehensive security management system covering domains like risk management, access control, and asset management.

When choosing between ISO 27001 certification or implementing ISO 27002 controls, organisations should consider their unique security risks, compliance needs, and existing security systems to determine the best cybersecurity approach.


Organizations aiming for ISO 27002 certification must establish a strong information security management system. This system must follow specific security controls outlined in the standard. Compliance with ISO/IEC 27001 is also necessary, as it lays out the requirements for implementing an ISMS.

Certification entails showing adherence to the security domains of confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets. ISO 27002:2022 offers guidance on implementing security techniques and risk management, providing a framework for organisations to handle information security risks.

To maintain certification, organizations must regularly update their practices to align with the latest standards. By staying up-to-date, they can effectively manage evolving information security risks.

Adopting ISO 27002 helps organisations strengthen their cybersecurity measures. It ensures robust protection for sensitive data through efficient security controls and management systems.

81% Headstart with website

Implementing ISO 27001 can feel overwhelming for any organisation. However, using can give an 81% headstart. The platform offers security controls and features aligning with ISO 27002 and ISO/IEC standards. provides implementation guidance and best practices, helping organisations expedite compliance efforts and address security risks effectively. The supplementary standard ISO/IEC 27002:2022 on the platform offers updated security techniques and control objectives, making the process smoother.

Additionally, offers resources on asset management, access control, risk management, and governance, which help establish a strong security management system.

By supporting ISO 27000 family requirements, helps organisations efficiently meet certification needs and safeguard their information assets across security areas.

Implementation Example

Organisations looking to follow ISO/IEC 27002 guidelines should pay attention to information security controls. By using the latest security techniques from standards like ISO 27001 and ISO 27002:2022, they can improve their security.

Successful implementation involves addressing risk management, governance, and physical security. Access control and asset management are important for protecting information assets.

Following the requirements in ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO 27701 helps in establishing a strong security management system. Complying with supplementary standards such as Annex A and NIST further strengthens the security framework.

A comprehensive approach that incorporates best practices and evolving guidance is essential for managing information security risks and meeting ISO 27002 compliance.

Wrapping up

ISO 27002 is a global standard that offers guidelines for information security management in organisations.

It outlines best practices and controls for protecting data and managing risks effectively.

Implementing ISO 27002 can help businesses enhance their security measures and ensure compliance with regulations.

It's a vital tool for safeguarding sensitive information and maintaining trust with stakeholders.

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What is ISO 27002?

ISO 27002 is a globally recognized standard that provides guidelines and best practices for information security management. It outlines controls that organisations can implement to protect their information assets, such as encryption, access controls, and incident response procedures.

Why is ISO 27002 important?

ISO 27002 is important as it provides guidelines for implementing information security practices, reducing security risks, and ensuring compliance with laws and regulations. For example, it helps organisations protect sensitive data from cyber attacks and maintain the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets.

How is ISO 27002 different from other ISO standards?

ISO 27002 focuses specifically on information security management, providing guidelines for implementing security controls. In contrast, other ISO standards like ISO 9001 focus on quality management and ISO 14001 on environmental management.

Who should follow ISO 27002 guidelines?

Any organisation that wants to establish, implement, maintain, and continually improve an information security management system should follow ISO 27002 guidelines. This includes businesses, government agencies, non-profits, and any other entity that handles sensitive information.

Can ISO 27002 help with compliance regulations?

Yes, ISO 27002 can help with compliance regulations by providing a framework for information security controls. Implementing ISO 27002 can assist organisations in meeting requirements of various compliance regulations such as GDPR, HIPAA, and PCI DSS.

Two people monitoring systems for security breaches

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